Ovarian cancer occurs in a woman’s ovaries. Though there are several types of ovarian cancer, the most common type is epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Epithelial cancer is that which begins on the epithelial cells that cover the ovary. A rare disease, ovarian cancer symptoms include abnormal vaginal bleeding, nausea, frequent bloating, abdominal and back pain, urinary problems and difficulty eating. Other symptoms, that may also be common in women without ovarian cancer, include fatigue, indigestion, pain with intercourse, constipation and menstrual changes. Surgery and chemotherapy are treatment options, depending on the stage of the disease.
The exact cause of ovarian cancer is unknown; however, it has been concluded that DNA changes are influential factors, as in most cancers. Some women are more susceptible than others to ovarian cancer. For example, post menopausal women and women who have never been pregnant are more likely to develop the disease.
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