Prostate cancer only occurs in men. There are various types of prostate cancer. More times than not — 99% of the time, to be precise — prostate cancer will be an adenocarcinoma and originate in the prostate gland. Prostate cancer develops over a span of years, often without the emergence of symptoms. Symptoms that may arise include changes or discomfort in the urinary system. Options for treating prostate cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, cryotherapy, hormonal therapy and/or radiation.
Cause and risk factors
Similar to other cancers, there is no known cause for prostate cancer. A number of risk factors have been associated with a higher risk for the development of prostate cancer.
Age: Age is a significant factor in the development of prostate cancer. About 2 out of 3 cases of prostate are discovered in men over the age of 65.
Genetic Disposition: In some situations, men whose immediate family members have had or have prostate cancer are more susceptible to developing the disease. Those men with a familial history of prostate cancer are more likely than those without one to die of the disease.
Diet: The direct link between diet and increased risk of prostate cancer is still unclear; however, several concepts have been explored. Some research has suggested that men who consume large amounts of fat from red meat and high-fat dairy products are at a higher risk for prostate cancer. Meats that are prepared at high temperatures produce carcinogenic components that can directly affect the prostate. Fats stimulate and increase the production of testosterone, which in turn, speeds the growth of prostate cancer. Similar to estrogen’s role in breast cancer, increased testosterone levels may stimulate rapid and uncontrollable cell growth.
Lifestyle: There has been an unusually presence of prostate cancer among welders, batter manufacturers, rubber workers and workers who are frequently exposed to the metal cadmium. Other factors of a man’s lifestyle and health have not been connected to a higher risk of prostate cancer- those include an active sex life, use of alcohol and tobacco, masturbation, vasectomy, circumcision, infertility, infection of the prostate or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) (an enlarged prostate gland).
Reduce Your Risk for Prostate Cancer
There have been a number of foods and drugs that may lower risk of prostate cancer. The addition of tomato sauce, broccoli, cole slaw and sauerkraut to one’s diet may reduce risk; while, use of aspirin, finasteride, statins and other cholesterol and triglyceride lowering anti-inflammatory drugs may lower risk of prostate cancer as well.
To learn more about issues dealing with men’s health and ways men can help maintain their health, click here.