Sodium Intake Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Risk

By: Mark Lange, PhD

According to research presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes, excess sodium intake may increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.  The research was based on looking at the dietary intake of 1136 people with type 2 diabetes versus the same number of people without the condition as controls.  An adjustment was made to account for differences in risk factors such as age, sex, weight and physical activity.

The study found that sodium intake was associated with an average 43% increase in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes for every extra gram of sodium consumed per day.  The people with the highest consumption of sodium had a 58% higher risk versus those with the lowest consumption.  These findings may have important implications for the primary prevention of diabetes with adult onset.